Pakistan-German development cooperation
Enlarge image Development cooperation between Pakistan and Germany goes back to 1961, with the funding volume to date totalling some EUR 2.5 billion. Pakistan was thus one of Germany's first partner countries.
The regional focus of cooperation has traditionally been the north-west of the country. Germany is one of the few donors that has its own implementing structures in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and is one of the few partners of Pakistan carrying out measures in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Individual measures are also being implemented in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit Baltistan, Punjab and Sindh.
Funding was initially provided to the energy, industrial, transport and telecommunications sectors. Today, the priority areas of Pakistan-German development cooperation are governance (decentralisation, political participation, mobilisation of resources at the sub-national level, support for Afghan refugees and internally displaced persons), energy (sector reform, renewable energies, energy efficiency), sustainable economic development (TVET, job creation, social protection, financial services and key role of the textile sector)
In addition, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) supports Pakistan with refugee aid and in coping with natural disasters, most recently following the floods in 2010. These are known as development-oriented emergency and transitional aid measures. Equally, activities aimed at addressing the root causes of the crisis that led to military operations, are being implemented through substantive contributions to the Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) and bilateral projects in the Malakand Division.
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) is involved in institution-building, deploying experts and knowledge transfer on behalf of BMZ. Financial cooperation is carried out by the KfW Entwicklungsbank. Furthermore, German Government funding is accorded to faith-based organisations, political foundations and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), which make important contributions to promoting democracy and human rights, developing rule of law and providing emergency relief, among other things.
Cooperation outside the priority areas
Outside the priority areas, projects dedicated to preserving and protecting biological diversity, food and nutrition security, and mitigating the impacts of climate change will be undertaken.
Ongoing measures in the priority area of health, which is being phased out, will be continued and brought to an end by 2020, and then handed over to the Pakistan partners.
This will include the financing and construction of hospitals and health posts, the establishment of safe blood transfusion management, and measures in the fields of reproductive health, maternal and child health, and family planning.
During the transitional period to 2020, global commitments of the BMZ to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI), the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) will also be implemented outside the priority areas.